Saturday, March 9, 2013

Are Crop Circles “Real”?

When I was a teenager I remember being curious about crop circles, but in the days before the World Wide Web, information was limited for those topics deemed “new age.” I was going to college in 1991 when Doug Bower and Dave Chorley received a huge amount of publicity by claiming they had created hundreds of crop circles from 1978-1991. I remember seeing demonstrations of how they used ropes and planks to stomp down the crop, and I thought “well, I suppose that explains it.” Back then I trusted the media to provide unbiased information, but now I just feel duped.

Image courtesy of Lucy Pringle, ©2008 (

I never gave crop circles a whole lot of thought after that, until 2010, while surfing the internet, I stumbled across a picture taken in June 2008 of a crop circle at Barbury Castle, Wiltshire, UK. The stepped, spiral design is a geometric representation of π to 10 digits. The first time I saw the crop design, I felt like a bell had been rung in my psyche. Intuitively, I knew that the ratcheted circle was proportioned and placed very carefully in the field, and a very insistent voice in my head kept telling me “look deeper into it…” And this is how my geometric study of the crop circles began.

Are All Crop Circles Man-Made?

This is the inevitable question which confronted me again in 2010 for the second time. Almost 20 years after the Bower and Chorley hoax, I decided to do my own investigation. What I found astounded me so much that I was compelled to go to England in June 2012 to see the crop circles for myself.

I’m a mathematician, but I also consider myself a scientist because I place great weight on empirical evidence and the scientific process. I was shocked I didn’t know about this sooner, because there is significant empirical evidence to support the idea that some crop circles are not man made. Our best and brightest scientists should be studying this phenomenon, but instead, those who study the subject seriously are mocked by their peers. It’s an appalling injustice.

Here is some of the empirical evidence that supports the idea of non-man-made crop circles:
  • There are many eyewitness accounts of crop circles being spontaneously formed. The book Crop Circles – History, Research and Theories by the Norwegian researcher Eva-Marie BrekkestØ contains an entire chapter, 40 pages of different types of eyewitness reports. Some reports have more detail than others, but many of the accounts from all over the world are eerily similar to each other.
  • There are several accounts by pilots and other witnesses who have flown over a field where there is no design, and a short time later, fly over the same spot and a crop circle has appeared. Some of the designs appear in broad daylight, seemingly instantaneously.
  • Michigan biophysicist W.C. Levengood compiled an extensive amount of data in the study of plant abnormalities found in downed crop ( More than 250 crop formations from multiple countries, over a 10-year period were examined.
    The study found the following in downed crop but not the crop left standing (control):
    • Abnormal enlargement of cell wall pits in bract tissue
    • Enlarged plant stem nodes (both laterally and longitudinally).
    • Bending of the stem nodes or base of the stem. Crop bent by planks or mechanical means usually snaps at the base, especially later in the season when plant stems become more brittle.  Crop bent at the nodes across a large area cannot be accomplished by mechanical means either.
    • Expulsion cavities in one or more of the nodes, most likely caused by microwave radiation that turns internal moisture into steam. These “exploded nodes” are not found in man-made crop circles. 
    • Stunted, malformed seeds and germination effects. These effects “are thought to be caused by exposure of the plants to a complex atmospheric plasma energy system which is emitting heat (probably microwaves) in association with unusual electrical pulses and strong magnetic fields.”
  • Many instances of strange phenomenon have been documented by people entering crop circles. This includes the malfunction of electronic devices such as cameras, as well as emotional and physiological effects on the human body. Lucy Pringle has been working for many years to compile this empirical evidence. She has documented much of it on her website ( 
  •  Some of the designs contain crop that has been woven stalk by stalk, alternating from side to side. I have also seen pictures of a basket weave, where groups of crop run perpendicular over or under another group that was standing next to it. This type of weaving would be impossible to fake on such a large scale. The hoaxed ones are usually made of concentric, plank-width circles, which breaks the stem of the crop at a 90 degree angle to the ground. 
  •  As I saw for myself in June 2012, some of the circles that appear on muddy nights have no trace of mud on top of the downed crop, and seem to float above the mud. I was one of the first people to enter a crop circle that appeared on a rainy night during one of the rainiest Junes on record. The ground was like clay soup, and my boots were caked in it when I finally reached the downed crop. The wheat was bent, but not all the way to the ground, and there was no mud anywhere on the crop. As I stepped onto the downed wheat, it was impossible to not mash it into the ground, and after our group left, the new design was caked in mud and completely flattened.
Stanton St. Bernard, Phase II (June 17 2012)
  • Some of the designs are rotated and scaled to intersect with tram lines and other geographical landmarks, while still maintaining complex geometric rules consistent with the other (“genuine”) designs. These intersection points mark locations of geometric importance within the design. It would be nearly impossible to do this without a very accurate survey of the land, including tramlines, and incredible accuracy in determining the centers of the circles on the ground. 
  •  Crop circles from different countries separated by miles share the same complex geometric rules. There would need to be a well-organized group of people all around the world who have agreed to base their designs on the same geometric principles, and who are coordinating with each other.

So, ARE all crop circles man-made? You decide!

This blog intends to explore the above ideas in more detail, with emphasis placed on sound mathematics and scientific principles. There are so many connections to be explored, because crop circles often appear near the megalithic monuments of the world, and seem to share the same affinity for irrational and transcendental numbers such as square roots or the Golden Ratio.


  1. Somebody is playing with maser or infrared laser assembled on satelite ? Army ??? ;)

  2. There was a show, where a professor had her students use the criteria you mention, nodes bent by some form of high heat, etc... I think there were like 5-8 criteria. And her students all felt this would be easy, but after many failed attempts, they all agreed that whatever caused these anomalies, was not people with boards, or even any know technology.

  3. I remember seeing demonstrations of how they used ropes and planks to stomp down the crop, and I thought “well, I suppose that explains it.”Kensington Greece

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  5. I think these scrolls are man-made by a technology that is censored to us. Wherever what the circles are made for, we will never know. At least in this century, I think. Energy and money have a big part in this show. Thanks for share your investigations with us, I hope you will continue them to success. Sorry for my bad english. I'm from Argentina.

  6. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read anything like this before. So nice to find somebody with some original thoughts on this subject. realy thank you for starting this up. this website is something that is needed on the web, someone with a little originality. useful job for bringing something new to the internet!
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